Transforming TVET in Myanmar
December 3rd-4th, 2018
UNESCO, together with the UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), the UNESCO Office in Myanmar, and the GIZ, is supporting the Ministry of Education (MOE) of Myanmar in its efforts to enhance quality provisions, the access of young people to TVET and the effective governance of TVET systems and institutions. The recently concluded two-day seminar and workshop in Yangon, Myanmar provided the opportunity to discuss the contextual realities that are challenging the shift towards pursuing excellence in TVET within Myanmar.
Shyamal Majumdar, Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC, with TVET students ©GIZ Myanmar
The Government of Myanmar developed its National Education Strategic Plan 2016-2021 (NESP) underpinned by the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 4. The plan aims to offer high quality TVET that responds to labour market needs and is delivered through improved TVET governance. This is key to increasing employment, poverty reduction, and sustainable economic growth in Myanmar, given the fact that the unemployment rate in the country is relatively high for youth between the ages of 20 to 24. (Myanmar Ministry of Information)
The TVET seminar, which was attended by experts from international and regional organizations as well as from 6 UNEVOC Centres in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, India, Singapore, China, and South Korea, coincided with the relaunching of the UNEVOC Centre and Knowledge Hub at the Ministry of Education (Department for Technical and Vocational Education and Training). The relaunch was officiated by his Excellency, Myo Thein Gyi, Union Minister, Myanmar Ministry of Education, and Mr. Shyamal Majumdar, Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC.
Relaunch of the UNEVOC Centre at the Ministry of Education - Department for Technical and Vocational Education and Training ©GIZ Myanmar
The seminar created a platform for discussing the opportunities and potential bottlenecks in the TVET sector in Myanmar that are hindering the successful implementation of the NESP and the abilities of the TVET system and institutions to respond to emerging demands. Guided by UNESCO and UNEVOC’s international experience in TVET development, as well as the rich experience and cooperation from selected UNEVOC Centres, the seminar facilitated knowledge sharing and increased synergy among members of the regional UNEVOC Network to enhance the development of TVET in Myanmar. UNEVOC Centres were encouraged to showcase their promising practices in enhancing quality in TVET at both the system and institutional levels.
Following the seminar, a UNEVOC Workshop on operationalization of the UNEVOC Centre was conducted with key ministry and institutional/school-level stakeholders to identify key institutional and professional capacity barriers. The role of the newly relaunched UNEVOC centre was discussed, including linking the principles of quality with day-to-day practices and its potential to serve as a keystone to facilitate the TVET institutional development process moving forward.
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