Parent terms: Skills, Mismatch
Situation of imbalance in which the level or type of skills available does not correspond to labour market needs.
Source: CEDEFOP 2014, Europe
|Organisation: || European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP), Europe|
|Source: || Terminology of European education and training policy (2014)|
|Description: ||What is the difference between skill gap, skill needs or skill shortage? Is underqualification a synonym for undereducation or underskilling? What is the meaning of green skills?|
This multilingual glossary defines 130 key terms used in European education and training policy. An extended and updated version of Terminology of European education and training policy (2008) and Terminology of vocational training policy (2004), it also takes into account new priorities of European Union policy, mainly in skills and competence needs analysis. New definitions have been developed with the cooperation of experts from Cedefop’s research and policy analysis team. Abstract (Website)
Situation in the labour market where the level of skills of individuals does not match the level of skills required in the jobs (see Gap, Overskilling, Underskilling, Overqualification, Underqualification). Mismatches could be vertical (when the level of skills or education is more or less than the level of skills or education required to perform a job), horizontal (when the type of education or skills is not appropriate for the current job, but the level of education or skills matches the requirements of the job) or geographical (where the workers with types and levels of skills or education required are based in a country or region different from where such skills are needed).
Source: EU commission (Skills panorama) 2015, Europe
|Organisation: || EU skills panorama, Europe|
|Source: || Glossary (Online repertory - Accessed in January 2016)|
|Description: ||Access here the definitions of key skills-related terms and concepts|
Skills Panorama aims to improve Europe’s capacity to assess and anticipate skill needs to help make education and training systems more responsive to labour market needs and to match better skill supply and demand across Europe. Skills Panorama is brought to you by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and powered by Cedefop, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training.Website
Skills mismatch is an encompassing term which refers to various types of imbalances between skills offered and skills needed in the world of work. [...]
Vertical mismatch: The level of education or qualification is less or more than required.
Horizontal mismatch: The type/field of education or skills is inappropriate for the job.
Source: ILO (STATS) 2014, Europe
|Organisation: || International Labour Organization, UN|
|Source: || Skill mismatch in Europe (2014)|
|Description: ||This brief is part of the efforts that the ILO Department of Statistics is undertaking to contribute to the statistical understanding and quantification of skills mismatch. The brief provides an overview of approaches to measure skills mismatch, and illustrates two approaches using data from the European Social Survey(ESS).p. 3 (Preface)|
A situation where there is a (qualitative) discrepancy between the qualifications and skills that individuals possess and those that are needed by the labour market.
Source: CEDEFOP 2015, Europe
|Organisation: || European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Europe|
|Source: || Skill shortages and gaps in European enterprises (2015)|
|Description: ||By exploring a wealth of available European data sources, the report attemps to single out the extent to which employers' general difficulties in recruitment can be truly attributed to skill shortages, as opposed to other possible factors. It also traces the evolution of skill shortages in EU Member states over time. Finally it scrutinises the critical role that orgnaisations have in adressing not only the skill gaps of their present workforce but also those that may arise in the future due to skill obsolescence. p.1 (Foreword) |
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