Parent term: Credential
Credentialism can be defined as a general increase in the level of education of workers that is unrelated to these underlying requirements of the jobs in which they are employed. It can arise through workers using educational attainment to compete with each other for better jobs in the knowledge that employers use this as an imperfect signal of ability or lower training costs.
Source: NCVER 2012 Australia
|Organisation: || National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Australia|
|Source: || Over-education, under-education and credentialism in the Australian labour market (2012)|
|Description: ||Using data from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing and the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, Dockery and Miller examine the issue of credentialism by comparing the reference or required level of education for occupations and the actual education level held by an individual. They employ the ‘ORU’ model, where O refers to overeducation (having more years of education than is required for the job); R refers to the reference or required level of education for a particular job; and U refers to undereducation (having fewer years of education relative to the reference level). The credentialism dimension is captured by looking at whether the level of over4education is greater among younger cohorts and the extent to which there is a wage penalty attached to this ‘overeducation'. "About this research"|
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