On-the-job training (OJT) is a training method that is planned, organized, and conducted at the employee's worksite. OJT will generally be the primary method used for broadening employee skills and increasing productivity. It is particularly appropriate for developing proficiency skills unique to an employee's job - especially jobs that are relatively easy to learn and require locally-owned equipment and facilities. On-the-job training has a general reputation as most effective for vocational work.

Compared to classroom or e-Learning, OJT provides deeper context and more cognitive triggers for questions from the trainee as they struggle to perform a new task in the actual work environment. e-Learning, in general, should be more scalable with its minimal delivery cost. Like, OJT, classroom has the potential for one-to-one real-time interaction with a subject matter expert; and should also be more scalable as it has a more favorable instructor-to-student ratio. OJT on the other hand has a scalability plus in that it is relatively easier to schedule, including “just in time” scenarios.


  • Training on the Job A book by Diane Walter for anyone who wants to set up a successful on-the-job training program. This book includes an eight-step model for setting up a structured, team-driven, on-the-job training program, plus easy-to-understand templates, instructions, and checklists, and case studies any size organization can apply. (224 pages)

Source: UNEVOC, UN

Training undertaken in the workplace as part of the productive work of the learner.
Source: NCVER1, Australia

Vocational training given in the normal work situation; it may constitute the whole training or be combined with off-the-job training.
Source: NCVER2, Australia;Source: CEDEFOP, Europe

Training within the enterprise given at the work station and using jobs of commercial value for instruction and practice purposes.
Source: TESDA, Philippines

(also known as Work Based Training or In-service Training or On-Site Training) It is defined as the training undertaken at work place or on site as part of the practical training, productive work and professional development of either the trainees and students enrolled in TVET institutions (institutes, centres and schools) and conducted by the relevant instructors and teachers or the workers employed by industrial organizations / enterprises and conducted by the relevant trainers and first line supervisors.
Source: Wahba, Egypt

page date 2014-01-14

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