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Skills for Work and Life

Thematic Areas: Inclusion and Youth | Digital Transformation | Private Sector Engagement | SDGs and Greening TVET
Our Key Programmes & Projects: BILT: Bridging Innovation and Learning in TVET | Building TVET resilience | TVET Leadership Programme | WYSD: World Youth Skills Day
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Digital competence frameworks for teachers, learners and citizens

These pages are dedicated to defining and discussing the digital knowledge, skills and attitudes viewed as inherent to being digitally 'competent'. There are two main components to this work:

1) a database of digital competence frameworks. This database provides a global reference point for information on how digital competencies are being defined for citizens, learners and educators through the use of competence frameworks. The content is relevant to all types of UNEVOC Network members (national and international policy-makers, researchers and practitioners).

2) links to articles and think-pieces discussing the many implications of changing digital skills needs on TVET provision:

2 webinars were held on the topic:

The database will be expanded to include digital strategies developed at continental, national and regional level, and occupational digital competence frameworks. Please check back regularly!

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DigComp 2.2

DigComp is a descriptive, enabling framework designed to support the development of digital competence of individuals personally and professionally. It provides examples of competence areas and their sub-levels at all levels of development.


ORIGIN: European Union 2013, 2018, 2022

PUBLISHER: Publications Office of the European Union, 2022

BACKGROUND: DigComp was first published in 2013 as a reference framework to support the development of digital competence of individuals in Europe. It has been regularly updated to include newer examples of the digital competencies that it describes. The latest iteration (DigComp 2.2) was published in March 2022. DigComp describes which competencies are needed by today's citizens so that they can use digital technologies in a confident, critical, collaborative and creative way to achieve goals related to work, learning, leisure, inclusion and participation in our digital society. DigComp is developed by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. More than 200 experts and a variety of stakeholders from EU Member States are involved in developing and updating DigComp.


DigComp is designed to be an enabling, descriptive rather than prescriptive reference framework for digital competence. Users themselves can adapt the content level of competencies if they wish to do so. There are five dimensions to the framework:

  • the digital competence areas
  • the component competencies under each area
  • the proficiency levels
  • definitions of the 'skills', 'knowledge' and 'attitudes' comprising each competence and
  • case examples.
DigComp has 5 digital competence areas:

1) Information and data literacy;

2) Communication and collaboration;

3) Digital content creation;

4) Safety; and

5) Problem solving.

Each competence area is further specified into 21 component competencies.

DigComp maps out four proficiency levels: foundation, intermediate, advanced, highly specialised. These four proficiency levels are sub-divided into eight levels offering a more detailed description of progression criteria. The definitions of the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes and case examples provide the potential to develop learning materials, and to assess and recognise learning progression.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Digcomp has been used in more than 20 European countries. It has been used to support TVET for a range of different occupational groups including teachers and school staff, secretary/administrative staff, new museum professionals, social workers and youth workers.

TARGET GROUP(S): Policy makers; Teachers/trainers; Labour market (social) partners

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