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TVETipedia Glossary

Find and compare definitions of key terms in TVET


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Vocational education and training (VET)

Learning which aims to acquire knowledge, know-how, information, values, skills and competences – either job-specific or transversal – required in specific occupations or more broadly on the labour market.


Source: Based on European Commission and Cedefop, 2021

Cedefop, Glossary. Terminology of European education and training policy, (accessed 03/2023)

Post-compulsory education and training, excluding degree and higher level programs delivered by further education institutions, which provides people with occupational or work-related knowledge and skills. VET also includes programs which provide the basis for subsequent vocational programs. Alternative terms used internationally include technical and vocational education and training (TVET), vocational and technical education and training (VTET), technical and vocational education (TVE), vocational and technical education (VTE), further education and training (FET), and career and technical education (CTE).

NCVER (Australia), VOCEDplus: Glossary of VET, (accessed 12/2022)

Those aspects of the educational process involving, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences, and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economic and social life.

UNESCO, Terminology of Technical and Vocational Education, 1984

Education and training beyond compulsory education, but excluding degree-level programmes, which provides individuals with occupational or work-related knowledge and skills.

ILO, Glossary of Key Terms on Learning and Training for Work, 2006

Education and training programmes containing both knowledge (theoretical understanding) and practical skills, designed for, and typically leading to, a particular job or type of job.

OECD, Glossary of terms used in the international survey of VET systems, 2009

Vocational education and training, abbreviated as VET, sometimes simply called vocational training, is the training in skills and teaching of knowledge related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation in which the student or employee wishes to participate. Vocational education may be undertaken at an educational institution, as part of secondary or tertiary education, or may be part of initial training during employment, for example as an apprentice, or as a combination of formal education and workplace learning.

European Commission, Education and training glossary, (accessed 01/2016)

The merging between the Vocational Education and the Vocational Training. It is a post-compulsory education and training, excluding degree and higher level programmes delivered by higher education institutions, which provides people with occupational or work-related awareness, knowledge, skills and attitude.

M. Wahba (TVET consultant), Glossary of Terms for TVET, Assessment and Verification, 2013

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