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TVETipedia Glossary

Find and compare definitions of key terms in TVET


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Knowledge is central to any discussion of learning and may be understood as the way in which individuals and societies apply meaning to experience. It can therefore be seen broadly as the information, understanding, skills, values and attitudes acquired through learning. As such, knowledge is linked inextricably to the cultural, social, environmental and institutional contexts in which it is created and reproduced. Learning is understood here to be the process of acquiring such knowledge. It is both a process and the result of that process; a means, as well as an end; an individual practice as well as a collective endeavour. Learning is multifaceted reality defined by the context. What knowledge is acquired and why, where, when and how it is used represent fundamental questions for the development of individuals and societies alike.

A process by which an individual assimilates information, ideas and values and thus acquires knowledge, know-how, information, values, skills and/or competences.


Learning occurs through personal reflection, reconstruction and social interaction. It may take place in formal, non-formal or informal settings.

Cedefop, Glossary. Terminology of European education and training policy, (accessed 03/2023)

The individual acquisition or modification of information, knowledge, understanding, attitudes, values, skills, competencies or behaviours through experience, practice, study or instruction.

UIS, Glossary, (accessed 12/2022)

The acquisition of knowledge, understanding, values, skills, competence and/or experience.

SAQA (South Africa), TVET Standard Glossary of Terms, 2013

The process of acquiring and internalising a body of knowledge and/or a repertoire of skills and/or a set of behaviours, either through the experience of work and leisure or through an organised system of institutional learning through teaching and training.

Ministry of Labour, VTC, Department of statistics, National Centre of Human Resources, Glossary of selected terminology: The labour market and vocational education and training - Occupational safety and health. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2005 - Not available online

The acquisition and mastery of knowledge, skills and competences through non-formal or formal, public or private, provided online, or in communities and life situations such as intergenerational, peer-based and self-directed learning. (Comment: this understanding of learning is directly influenced by the notion of lifelong learning.)

UNESCO, Level-setting and recognition of learning outcomes: The use of level descriptors in the twenty-first century, 2015

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