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TVETipedia Glossary

Find and compare definitions of key terms in TVET


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Skill mismatch

Skills mismatch is an encompassing term which refers to various types of imbalances between skills offered and skills needed in the world of work. ...

Vertical mismatch: The level of education or qualification is less or more than required.

Horizontal mismatch: The type/field of education or skills is inappropriate for the job.

ILO, Skills mismatch in Europe, 2014

Situation of imbalance in which the level or type of skills available does not correspond to labour market needs.

CEDEFOP, Terminology of European education and training policy. 2nd edition. A selection of 130 key terms, 2014

Situation of imbalance between the skills – and qualifications – possessed by the workforce (supply) and those needed by the labour market (demand).

Cedefop, Glossary. Terminology of European education and training policy, (accessed 03/2023)

A situation where there is a (qualitative) discrepancy between the qualifications and skills that individuals possess and those that are needed by the labour market.

CEDEFOP, Skill shortages and gaps in European enterprises, 2015

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