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Below you can find a selection of UNESCO publications that are relevant in the context of TVET. For the full catalogue, please use the UNESCO Digital library.

Author/s:  Roland Dubois and Koontee Balgobin
Publisher/s:  UNESCO-UNEVOC
Published:  2010 in Bonn, Germany
ISBN:  978-92-95071-07-0

Sustaining the Financing of Training Through Continuous Improvement of the Levy-Grant System

English | Français

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is very expensive and governments are obliged to explore different sources of funding. If funding is in short supply, it is likely to create a mismatch between the training that the students receive and the needs of industry. Quality TVET is particularly expensive as it needs a relatively low trainee/trainer ratio, workshops of reputable standards, regular investment in new equipment, and the maintenance and repair of existing equipment. Without the necessary funding, it is impossible to sustain quality training, invest in new projects in order to better respond to the needs of industry and to pay competitive salaries to attract suitably qualified teaching staff. So the fundamental question is: who must pay for this?

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