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Co-Author/s:  UNESCO Division of Basic Education; P.A.U. Education
Publisher/s:  UNESCO
Published:  2006 in Paris, France
ULC:  UNEVOC Library Catalogue ID 1277

Street children and HIV & AIDS

Methodological guide for facilitators

Street children survive, rather than live, on the street: on a daily basis, they are faced with constant violence, which goes hand in hand with the risks linked to drug taking and infection by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). They are particularly exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Dealing with the issue of HIV & AIDS is a major challenge for the institutions and associations that work with these children.

The lack of information and training with regard to listening techniques and tools hampers the effectiveness of the action of facilitators working to prevent HIV & AIDS. Furthermore, they may share numerous preconceived ideas concerning the virus, how it is transmitted, how to treat it or how to protect against any risk of infection. This methodological guide aims to offer a flexible and adaptable training tool, able to effectively assist facilitators when they need to deal with the issue of HIV & AIDS with the street children. In addition, it offers tools in order to measure the effectiveness of the facilitators’ interventions.

The methodological guide focuses on preventing risk behaviours. It is enhanced by the work carried out before, during and after the sub-regional seminar for the training of facilitators “Protecting the Rights of Street Children: Combating HIV & AIDS and Discrimination”, held in Niamey (Niger) from 30 May to 3 June 2005, which brought together participants from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger and Senegal, as well as experts from the programme on Guidance, Counselling and Youth Development for Africa *.

Their knowledge of the realities on the field encouraged the participants to favour a guide format that would be useable, practical and light, so that the user could take it along with him or her wherever he or she went. The structure, comprising five autonomous dossiers, arranged following a logical sequence, ensures coherence as a whole. These five dossiers are preceded by a general presentation about the work that led to the creation of this guide. Introduction * This programme, supported by, among others, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), was

launched in April 1994 in 28 African states and concerns the non-academic aspects of teaching, which include the emotional and social dimensions of the child’s school life.

INTRODUCTION

The user is therefore provided with tools and techniques on the following five themes:

Street children: who are they?

HIV & AIDS and STDs: messages to be conveyed and intervention tools

The facilitator: profile

Intervention techniques

Indicators; assessing intervention

The guide aims to adapt to the diversity of realities that institutions, associations and facilitators may come up against, an objective set by the initial validation of the contents during the seminar in Niamey. This validation process should continue by means of the intermediaries on the field in the various countries in which the guide is disseminated. This consideration of the diversity of the situations constitutes one of the major concerns for those who drew up this guide.


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