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Digitalization and TVET


In view of ever faster technological innovation cycles, students and employees engaging in initial and continuing TVET increasingly need to acquire digital skills and competencies. Within Europe, digitalization is reshaping millions of jobs, with digital technologies widely used in the workplace. Most jobs require basic digital skills such as the ability to communicate via email or social media, create and edit digital documents, search for information, and protect personal information online (EC).

In addition, TVET needs to address the need for advanced digital technologies, which are changing our labour markets and open up new opportunities for businesses today. Such technologies include artificial intelligence, robotics, 3D technologies, and augmented and virtual reality. In many of these highly dynamic and advanced fields, digitalization can also lead to the creation of new job profiles.

New jobs related to the development, maintenance and upgrading of artificial intelligence technologies and big data infrastructures are among those expected to grow (EC, 2019).

TVET response

Preparing learners for the rapidly changing digital world requires regular updates in curricula and training regulations to cover new skills and competencies, as well as adjustments in the way these are taught. Accordingly, TVET teaching staff need to be aware of new and evolving digital trends and tools, and also be able to effectively incorporate and teach these to students as they prepare to enter the workforce and meet the demands of digital economies.

The following measures can be implemented at an institutional, local or country level to address the challenges and capitalize on the opportunities arising from the current digital trends:

  • Proactively updating curricula and training regulations to keep up with the speed of new digital developments;
  • Encouraging close cooperation between companies and schools in order to better address digitalization trends and ensure that learners develop relevant digital skills;
  • Providing TVET teaching staff with training in digital skills and supplying them with advanced tools and learning materials; and
  • Preparing learners for using advanced technologies to make TVET attractive and relevant to the labour market needs.
To learn more about successful responses to the digital learning challenges implemented by the institutions of the European UNEVOC Network and beyond, please consult the BILT Workshop on Digitalization summary report.


BILT thematic workshop - Digitalization and TVET

Summary report
This summary captures the key outcomes of the thematic BILT Workshop on ‘Digitalization’, held at Oslo Metropolitan University (OsloMet) in Oslo, Norway, on 02-03 October 2019.

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The changing nature of work and skills in the digital age

This European Commission report aims to shed light on some of the key drivers which are worth taking into account when assessing the effect of new technologies on the future of work and skills. It combines a synthesis of the most recent and robust sc ...

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Insights into skill shortages and skill mismatch

Learning from Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey
This publication focuses on a topic of critical concern for policy-makers in recent years: skill mis-match. Cedefop has been active in skill mismatch research and analysis for almost a decade now, identifying significant areas of concern and contenti ...

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