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Migration and TVET


Economic and social integration of migrants through TVET is an important step towards inclusive and equitable education and training, as well as decent work and economic growth in the receiving countries. The integration of this vulnerable group poses challenges to all regions today, as migration flows continue to increase globally, most of them remaining intraregional.

The number of international migrants reached 272 million in 2019, an increase of 51 million since 2010 (UN DESA, 2019).

In Europe, specific challenges that migrant populations are likely to experience in accessing education, training, and employment relate to the administrative, legal, and language barriers encountered. Cultural barriers can also have psychosocial effects on migrants and cause well-being challenges (University of Nottingham, 2019). Additionally, the approach to the integration should take into account individual situations and may vary depending on whether migration is driven by displacement due to conflict, climate change, employment, education, or family reasons.

TVET response

TVET plays an important role in accelerating and improving migrants’ integration into the workforce of host countries. Developing mechanisms for the assessment and recognition of migrants’ prior learning and qualifications is an important step TVET systems can take to better integrate displaced and voluntary movers.

TVET programmes for the displaced should account for constraints that lower their demand for skills development and recognize the skills they already have (UNESCO, 2019).

Other measures to be implemented at an institutional, local or country level in order to support migrants’ integration were highlighted through the BILT Project. These include language support, intercultural modules, career guidance, psychological support, and adaptation of TVET curricula and training regulations for use with migrant populations. While social inclusion often focuses on migrants themselves, efforts also should be made to prepare host communities, so they understand the particular needs and requirements of this vulnerable group.

To learn about successful responses to the migration-related challenges implemented by the institutions of the European UNEVOC Network and beyond, please consult the BILT Workshop on Migration summary report.


BILT thematic workshop - Migration and TVET

Summary report
This summary captures the key outcomes of the thematic BILT Workshop on ‘Migration and TVET’, held at University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, on 10-11 December 2019.

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Human migration and TVET

Discussion paper
In the context of increased international migration, the importance of education and training and a global governance of migration is widely acknowledged in academic and international development debates. This discussion paper looks at the relati ...

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Global Education Monitoring Report 2019

Migration, displacement and education: Building bridges, not walls
The 2019 Global Education Monitoring Report examines the education impact of migration and displacement across all population movements: within and across borders, voluntary and forced, for employment and education. It also reviews progress on educat ...

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