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Greening TVET


Sustainable economic growth, as outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, can only be achieved when the world of work transitions effectively towards green and sustainable practices. TVET is expected to play a key role in preparing learners for emerging green jobs and providing them with the skills and competencies that enable a more circular economy and a culture of sustainable practices.

The transition to sustainable economies and societies has the potential to significantly impact global labour markets in the near future, not only due to the creation of new jobs and the loss of others, but also due to the integration of green skills and competencies into existing occupational profiles. According to the ILO, the transition to green economies will potentially create 24 million jobs by 2030 – especially in the renewable energy, energy efficiency and other low-carbon industries –, while 1.2 billion current jobs will also be affected in terms of the skills needed.

18 million jobs will result from achieving the Paris Agreement’s 2°C goal. 6 million more jobs will result from embracing the circular economy (ILO, 2018).

These transformations call for learners to continuously update their knowledge, skills and competencies. However, while the demand for green skills is growing globally, TVET systems in many countries struggle to respond and cater to these needs.

TVET response

In order to close the gap between green skills needs and supply, TVET stakeholders should work together to identify those needs, understand how to embed them in curricula and training regulations, and develop appropriate approaches to pedagogy and the assessment of learning outcomes. In the BILT Project, different approaches to embed sustainability in curricula and training regulations are discussed, from the integration of transversal skills linked to awareness about climate change, to the identification of specific knowledge and skills applicable to specific sectors.

TVET institutions themselves also develop strategies to become greener as learning sites and sustainable in their daily practices. UNESCO-UNEVOC’s Greening Technical and Vocational Education and Training: A Practical Guide for Institutions proposes strategies to implement a whole-institution approach to greening TVET institutions, and provides the framework for capacity-development programmes focused on greening campuses, curriculum and training, research, communities and workplace, and institutional culture.

To learn about successful responses to the greening-related challenges implemented by the institutions of the European UNEVOC Network and beyond, please consult the BILT Workshop on Greening summary report.


BILT thematic workshop - Greening TVET

Summary report
This summary captures the key outcomes of the thematic BILT Workshop on ‘Greening TVET’, held at the Malta College of Arts, Science, and Technology in Paola, Malta, on 23-24 October 2019.

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Greening Technical and Vocational Education and Training

A practical guide for institutions
This Guide describes the macro need for TVET reform in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goals, the Global Action Programme (GAP) on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), and other United Nations, UNESCO and national initiatives. The ...

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Greening with jobs

World Employment and Social Outlook 2018
While climate change mitigation measures may cause short-term job losses, the report shows that a just transition to a more sustainable economy offers much potential for job creation and the promotion of decent work. The report also looks at key i ...

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