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Parent term: Employment1 child term
Unemployment as defined according to the international standards requires that a person meet three criteria for inclusion: they (a) did not work in the reference period; (b) were available to take up a job had one been offered in the week prior to the reference period; and (c) actively sought work within the past 30 days (for example, by registering at an employment centre or answering a job advertisement). The difference between the "relaxed" definition of unemployment (also known as "broad unemployment") and the "strict" definition is in the relaxation of the "seeking work" criterion (c), so that "relaxed" unemployment is defined as the number of youth who did not work in the reference week but are available to work. According to the international standards, the seeking work criterion may be relaxed "in situations where the conventional means of seeking work are of limited relevance, where the labour market is largely unorganized or of limited scope, where labour absorption is, at the time, inadequate or where the labour force is largely self-employed".
Source: ILO 2015, Global
The unemployed comprise all persons of working age who were: a) without work during the reference period, i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment; b) currently available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period; and c) seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid employment or self-employment. For purposes of international comparability, the period of job search is often defined as the preceding four weeks, but this varies from country to country.
Source: ILO (Stat) 2016, Global
A person who is not employed but is available to work and actively seeking full- time or part-time work. (Definition also used by Queensland government)
Source: Wahba 2013, Global