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mw: Competency Assurance Competency Assurance Management System CAMS Competency Based Assessment CBA Competency Based Training CBT Competency Development Framework CDF Competency Element Competency Module Competency Standard Competency Transfer Competency Unit Competent Core Competencies (VOCED) Cross Industry Competency Standards, Current Competency

NCVER: competence, competency standard

TESDA: Competency Title /

VOCED: competency, competency-based assessment, competency-based training, competency standard, current competency , Dimensions of competency

Competency is conceived as the group of attitudes, dexterities, skills and knowledge required to carry out to a good standard determinate productive functions in a work ambient.[1]

There is no universal definition of the notion of “competency’ but there have been many conceptual contributions. It is common to find references to this concept through the utilisation of attributes such as “generic’, “portable”, “key”, “central”, “essential” or “basic”. They all carry the idea that these competencies lie at the core of the individual’s capacities, and they enable him to successfully integrate into labour and social life, which is beneficial not only for the individual but also for society as a whole. In addition, this group of competencies includes the capacity to continually update knowledge and skills in order to keep abreast of constant and rapid change.

There are several classification of competencies, among which is also the one of CONOCER (Consejo Nacional de Normalización y Certificación de Competencias Laborales) from 2002:

Basic competency: Elemental behaviour which workers have to demonstrate and which is associated with knowledge of a training kind.

Generic competency: Behaviour associated with performance that is common to diverse occupations and branches of productive activity.

Specific competency: Behaviour associated with knowledge of a technical kind linked to a certain language or productive function.

Another classification that comes close to the concept of key competencies can be found in the work of Gallart and Jacinto [2]:

Intellectual competencies: solving problems, handling information, understanding processes and systems, autonomy and responsibility.

Basic competencies: the capacity to read and write, the use and interpretation of symbols and mathematical formulae.

Technical competencies: knowledge of instruments and the functioning of machines, tools and work procedures.

Behavioural competencies: the capacity for verbal self-expression and interaction with work colleagues.

Related issues


  • Key Competences and EmployabilityChapter on Key Competences and Employability of CINTERFOR/ILO Publication on Key competencies and lifelong learning, Vargas Zuñiga, 2005 (38 pages)

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