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Skilling the Youth

Thematic Priorities: Skills anticipation | Work-based Learning | Digital skills mainstreaming | Entrepreneurship skills
YEM Countries: Algeria | Israel | Jordan | Lebanon | Libya | Morocco | Palestine | Tunisia
Knowledge Resources: Country Profiles | UNESCO Publications | Other useful resources

Community of Practice

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What is the YEM Project?

Youth Employment in the Mediterranean is a 36-month regional project funded by the European Union and implemented by UNESCO over the period of 2018-2020. The project targets eight beneficiary countries in the South Mediterranean region: Algeria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia, where the aim is to support youth employment through improved skills anticipation and assessment systems, and through the promotion of quality and relevant TVET and regional collaboration.

The project is aligned with the UNESCO Strategy for TVET (2016-2021) which highlights the need for inclusive policy dialogue and reinforcement of stakeholders’ capacities to promote TVET transformation in order to foster youth employment, entrepreneurship and improved skills anticipation, in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goal 4 and the Education 2030 Framework for Action.

The overall objective of YEM is to support national authorities, together with the private sector, the TVET providers and the youth organizations in the South Mediterranean region, in understanding and anticipating labour market changes with a view to inform the design, implementation and evaluation of relevant TVET policies, strategies and programmes, aimed at increasing youth employment and entrepreneurship.

For all beneficiary countries, the focus of YEM is to promote the implementation of effective collection and use of information on skills needs, to turn them into relevant policy actions and programmes, and to help establish appropriate governance arrangements to ensure good coordination across the key stakeholders, both within the beneficiary countries and across the South Mediterranean region.

The three specific objectives of the project are:

  • To reinforce capacities of countries in the South Mediterranean region in assessing and anticipating the labour market demands and in sharing and using the results to make informed TVET policy and programme decisions;
  • To use the results of skills assessment and forecasting to promote quality TVET pathways through work-based learning and entrepreneurship, digital skills acquisition and enhance gender equality;
  • To reinforce regional cooperation in the field of TVET with a particular focus on skills assessment and anticipation issues in the Mediterranean region.

What this platform offers

TVET Country Profiles

Access concise, reliable and up-to-date information on TVET systems in the YEM Project countries, and also across the world through the UNESCO-UNEVOC World TVET Database.

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Knowledge Resources

Access the knowledge resources developed as part of the YEM Project, as well as relevant publications and resources from UNESCO and other project partners.

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Community of Practice

Engage with key experts and TVET stakeholders from the region and beyond and learn more about new knowledge resources, collaboration opportunities, upcoming events and more.

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Prioritizing Youth Employment

The lack of opportunities in the Arab world has been exacerbated by a demographic boom. Skills development of the youth is important to meet current market demands and enable them to create employment opportunities as entrepreneurs.

Prolonged gaps in the school to work transition in the MENA region are far greater than in other regions. In addition to worsening population dependency ratios, unemployment and uncertainty of prospects can have adverse social and security implications.
Across the region, high-skilled employment stands at 21%, on average, while middle-skilled roles account for 66% of all existing formal sector jobs. The agricultural sector remains the largest employer in less affluent MENA countries. Investing in youth skills development would help reduce skills mismatches and promote employment.


Access recently updated knowledge resources relevant to the YEM thematic priorities from UNESCO and other agencies.

Marché du travail, dynamique des compétences et politiques d’emploi en Tunisie

Ce rapport est structuré en deux chapitres thématiques portant principalement sur : a) les dynamiques du marché du travail et des compétences en Tunisie, en mettant l'accent sur l'incidence, les causes et les effets de l'inadéquation entre offre ...

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Guidebook on education for sustainable development for educators: effective teaching and learning in teacher education institutions in Africa

The guidebook on Education for Sustainable Development for Educators: Effective teaching and learning in teacher education institutions in Africa has been conceived as a tool to mainstream sustainability into all aspects of teacher ed ...

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Issues and trends in education for sustainable development

In order to do justice to the richness and complexity of the ESD concept and ESD practices, this publication is divided into two parts: Understanding Education for Sustainable Development and Implementing Education for Sustainable Development. The fi ...

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6 December 2018
UNESCO launches the project Supporting Youth Employment in the Mediterranean (YEM) for Libya
From 27 to 28 November 2018 in Tunis, UNESCO held an inception meeting for the project Supporting Youth Employment in the Mediterranean (YEM) for Libya, which is one of the beneficiary countries of the project.
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27 September 2018
Integrating digital skills into technical and vocational training programmes in the Maghreb
Within the YEM framework, the UNESCO Office in Rabat organized a regional workshop on digital skills in training programs in the Maghreb region, on 17 and 18 September 2018.
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26 June 2018
Focus on work-based learning to foster youth employment in Arab region
This June 2018 workshop examined and discussed the status of work-based learning programmes for young people in the Arab region, and UNESCO shared and discussed the preliminary findings of a new comparative synthesis study that draws upon country studies from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, and Tunisia.
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page date 2019-09-16

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UNESCO Education Sector
Section for Youth, Literacy and Skills Development
7, place de Fontenoy
75352 Paris France

UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre
UN Campus, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1
53173 Bonn, Germany



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